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G Glossary


Agni
First of three cosmic principles; god of fire; digestive fire.

Agnivasa
The sage who first complied the text now known as the Caraka Samhita.

Allopathy
Western medicine, modern medicine.

Apana prana
One of the five pranas; the prana that controls all evacuation, called the downward breath; resides in the lower abdomen.

Aphrodisiac
Any substance that promotes health to the reproductive organs.

Ashram
Place devoted to spiritual development.

Atma
Consciousness, or God in an individualized sense.

Atreya
the teacher of Agnivasa and source of the Caraka Samhita.

Ayurveda
The oldest medical system in the world. A holistic approach developed by the same sages who formed the system of yoga. The part of the Vedas dealing with the health of the body; the science of life.

Brahma
Consciousness, or God in an absolute sense; one of the three aspects of God, the creator or creative aspect; the founder of Ayurveda.

Brahmin
The learned class of people in Vedic society; priests.

Brahmacharya
Abidance in Brahma or God.

Caraka Samhita
The oldest surviving text of Ayurveda.

Chi
Chinese word of Prana.

Chit
Consciousness.

Consciousness
As used in this book, the substratum or source of all manifestation; God.

Constitution
An individual unique mix of the three humors.

Dosha
Sanskrit for humor; lit., “That which will imbalance.”

Energetic Impressions
In Sanskrit there are two kinds: Vasanas and Samskaras; these are latent, unconscious or stored impression and current mental impression; these impression are stored in the subtle body; Yoga says that these impressions are what cause us to incarnate in another life, unless they are allowed to surface to consciousness; these impressions along with prana create what we call mind.

Inquiry
Method to find out where thoughts, prana arise from; question: “Who am I?”; See books of Ramana Maharishi and H. W. L Poonjaji.

Five elements
The five states of material existence: mass; liquidity, transformation, movement, and the field in which they function; also called earth, water, fire, air, and ether.

Five states of matter
Commonly called the Five Element.

Ghee
Butter that ha gone through a process of cooking to render it free from deterioration; used for cooking and as a vehicle for herbal medicines.

Guna
Quality, attribute of intelligence; there are three gunas: satva, rajas, and tamas ; therapeutically it is the quality of an herb or substance, i.e. oily, slimy, dry, etc.

Guru
Lit. “Dispeller of ignorance”; one who know the substratum or source of creation; teacher; heavy.

Humor
Aunique concept to describe the function of the body; the forces which control the five elements together in the body; there are three humor: vata (wind), pitta (fire), and kapha (water).


Immunomodulator
A substance that work indirectly to help the immune system; usually keep on affecting the body after use is discontinued, therefore better for long-term rejuvenation.

Immunostmulant
A substance that work directly on the immune system; usually has effect only as long as you take the substance, therefore better for immediate need-colds, etc.

Kapha
One of the tree humors; control the water and earth elements.

Karma
Action; the cosmic law for every action there is a reaction; there is no such thing as “bad or good” karma; therepeutically it is the general action of an herb or substance in the body.

Ki
Japanese word for prana.

Kundalini
the primordial prana that rest dormant in the body unless activated by special practices. NOTE: these practices are dangerous unless one is supervised by qualified teacher.

Latent impression
See Energetic impressions.

Life force
Another name of prana.

Marma
The acupressure and acupuncture point of Ayurveda.

Maya
The illusion that everyone exists as separate from God.

Meridians
The channels of prana in the body; called nadis in yoga.

Mind
Thoughts moving through consciousness, giving the illusion of continuity; the combination of prana and vasanas.

Nadi
See Meridian.

No-Mind
Non movement of through; complete awareness; not to be confused with the Absolute, the individual may still exist at this point, it may take time of being emerged in no-mind before the individual dissolves into pure consciousness.

Ojas
The essence of food; the basis of the immune system; we are born with drops of ojas in the heart center, if this reduced, death result; there is secondary ojas which is the result of all the tissue elements; it can vary in quantity however, when it is reduced, sickness result (ref.: Caraka Samhita, vol. I, p. 594).

Parabdha
The Karma or action that is residual; the karmas associated with the body/mind manifestation, in other word, as long as you have a body the Parabdha karma continues.

Pitta
One of the tree humors; controls the fire and water elements.

Prabhava
The specific action of an herb or substance.

Prakriti
The dynamic energy of consciousness; natal constitution, nature.

Prana
Pra = before, ana= breath; the vital force; Qi, Ki, Chi; it arises from substratum of pure consciousness with intelligence (agni) and love (soma), together they create the individualized consciousness. There are five major prana in the human body- prana, apana, samana, udana and vyana; they arises from the cosmic prana, chief of the five pranas in the body; also called the outward going breath, it resides in the head and the heart.

Pranayama
A method of breath control used to regulate the mind and prana, thereby physical and mental health. Should only be practiced with a qualified teacher.

Pranic healing
A therapeutic method that harmonizes the pranas directly.

Purusha
The inert aspect of consciousness; the void.

Qi
Another name for prana.

Rajas
One of the three gunas; action, movement bright, energy, aggression , aggravated mind, achievement, and strong emotions.

Rama
The disciple of Vasishta and the student that receives the teaching in the Yoga Vasistha; avatar; one of the manifestions of vishnu, the force of preservation in the universe; the hero of the epic poem Ramayana; pure consciousness embodied.

Ramayana
The story of Rama restoring harmony to the world.

Rasa
The first action of an herb or substance in the body; lit., “taste.”

Samana prana
One of the five prana in the body; called the equalizing prana it resides in the navel region.

Samsara
The concept that we are separate from God; suffering; illusion.

Samskaras
Innate energetic impressions, see Energetic impressions.

Satva
One of the three gunas; purity, peace, calm, beauty, happiness, quiet obedient mind, and stable emotions.

Satvic diet
A diet that promotes satva; very mild nourishing food, such as milk, basmati rice, mung beans, and fruits.

Self
Another name of God, or consciousness.

Shakti
Cosmic prana.

Shiva
God as pure consciousness; one of the three aspects of God, the destroyer.

Soma
Nectar; the most subtle essence of ojas and kapha; the God Soma signifies love, unity.

Substratum
Equal to the Absiolute, consciousness, God, love, Brahman, Atman, Self, or Source.

Tamas
One of the three gunas; inertia, dull depressed, void, stupid, lazy, despair, and self-destructive emotions.

Tantra
A path that totally accepts all aspects of the physical world, believing that all things lead to the divine; worship of divine mother; often confused as being limited to sex.

Taste
The beginning of the therapeutic actions of any substance on the body.

Trikutu
A famous Ayurvedic formula that stimulates digestion and agni; very good kapha and vata.

Triphala
A famous Ayurvedic formula for rejuvenating the body, promoting digestion, and harmonizing all the digestive organs.

Udana prana
One of the five prana in the body; called the upward moving breath, it is seated in the throuat kundalini yoga cultivates this prana, as do all physical powers.

Vakruti
The constitution of the moment.

Vasanas
Latent energetic impression, see Energetic impression.

Vasishta
The most prominent sage in the Vedas; one of the secen immortal seers; the teacher in the
Yoga Vasishta of Rama.

Vata
One of the three humors; controls the wind (air) and ether element .

Vayu
The God of the Wind; another name for vata; another name for prana.

Vedas
Literally it menas knowledge, but used here to means the Book of Knowledge, the oldest book in the world; there are four Vedas.

Vipaka
The long-term effect of an herb or substance.

Virya
The potency (hot or cold) of an herb or substance.

Vishnu
God as pure love; the aspect of God that protects and preserves the world; He has seven main manifestations, of which Rama and Krishna are the two most famous.

Vyana prana
One of the five prana in the body
called the equalizing breath it unifies all the other pranas and the body; it is diffused throughout the body.

Yoga
Union: that which lead one back to the original Source; generally understood to mean a path or a practice leading to the Divine.





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