Introduction to the three basic
Ayurveda recognizes three bodily stereotypes, called humors or constitutions. In the original Sanskrit the concept is called dosha. Dosha in Sanskrit means "that which will imbalance". To know your constitution can help you to balance the imbalances in your body, mind, spirit and soul. The three humors are: vata, pita and kapha. These three constitutions are linked to the
five states of matter and their actions
V - Vata: ether and air dominance; motion and space
P - Pita: fire and water dominance; heat and fluid
K - Kapha: water and earth dominance; fluid and solid
Crucial in ayurvedic thinking is that your life style should be geared to your dosha (humor, constitution) to harmonize the imbalance caused by it. Simply put, when your constitution is Vata, your lifestyle should be "anti-vata"; are you Pita, your life-style should be anti-pita and when your Kapha, your life-style should be anti-kapha. One of the most important things of your life style are your diet: how and when and particularly what you eat and drink.
The Dosha ('that which causes imbalance') concept is also used to tackle health problems. The line of reasoning: V, P and K should be in harmony. Imbalances cause helath problems. To restore the balance will solve the problem.